Diabetes Symptoms

Our goal is to help with the care and treatment of diabetes including diagnosing the symptoms

Blood sugar levels
Blood Sugar

How GDM Affects the Baby

Just like babies born to mothers with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, newborns from mothers with GDM can experience hypoglycemia at birth. Low levels of calcium and magnesium in your baby's blood may also be a problem. Jaundice, a yellowing of the skin that happens when your baby has excess bilirubin in his system, may also occur in GDM babies. Fortunately, all of these conditions are usually easily correctable. And the fact that your GDM has been diagnosed means that your health care team can anticipate these possible problems and diagnose and treat them quickly. You may also have a neonatologist, a doctor that treats high-risk infants, in the delivery room to care for your baby.

Fetal Macrosomia

Fetal macrosomia, or a baby who is too big for its term, can occur in women with GDM if their blood glucose levels aren't well controlled. Since your blood glucose crosses the placenta and passes into the fetal circulation, your baby will start to produce more and more insulin to counteract its effects. Even the most active baby can't burn off all that glucose . As a result, the extra glucose is stored as fat. If an ultrasound reveals that your fetus is measuring substantially big for date, macrosomia may be suspected. If your child develops macrosomia, she may become too large to fit through the birth canal,and a C-section may be required. This is another reason why good control of your GDM is so important during pregnancy. There is also a risk of macrosomia for women who deliver past thirty eight weeks. For this reason, labor may be induced or a C-section may be scheduled at the thirty eighth week of gestation. Talk with your doctor early about her thoughts on these interventions to work toward a birth experience that's acceptable for both of you and promotes the best possible outcome for your baby.