Diabetes Symptoms

Our goal is to help with the care and treatment of diabetes including diagnosing the symptoms

Blood sugar levels
Blood Sugar

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes mellitus or GDM, is diabetes that women develop during pregnancy. It occurs in about 200,000 cases, or 7 percent, of U.S. pregnancies annually, Some women with GDM will go on to develop type 2 diabetes later in life; it's been estimated that having GDM in pregnancy increases your type 2 risk by up to 50 percent.

Diabetes Your Baby and You

Gestational diabetes is similar to type 2 diabetes in that both are caused by a phenomenon known as insulin resistance. People who are insulin resistant can produce insulin, but either their insulin receptors prevent it from binding correctly and allowing glucose to enter the cell, or, less commonly, there is something wrong with the insulin itself that makes it unable to work. The placenta that is feeding your baby produces hormones, including estrogen, cortisol, and human placental lactogen, which work to counteract insulin. The result is a rise in blood glucose levels. In most pregnant women this rise is inconsequential, but in those who have developed significant insulin resistance, it grows to unmanageable levels and GDM results.

A Danger to You and Your Baby

Uncontrolled high blood sugar is damaging to both you and your baby. Over time, it can damage your nervous system, contribute to cardiovascular problems, impair your kidney function, and make you more vulnerable to infection. It can also increase your risk of developing high blood pressure, and possible preeclampsia, in pregnancy. High fasting blood glucose levels have been associated with an increased risk of fetal death in the final eight weeks of pregnancy. GDM also increases your child's risk of developing macrosomia, which can complicate delivery and has the potential to result in a birth injury. And because your diabetes can cause your child's lungs to develop at a slower rate, she is at risk for respiratory distress syndrome, a condition in which inadequate production of surfactant (the substance that enables the alveoli, or air sacs, of the lungs to expand) makes breathing difficult for your baby after she is born.